Mining giant Rio Tinto (NYSE: RIO) said Tuesday (October 16) it will likely have to delay first production from the $5.3 billion underground expansion of its Oyu Tolgoi copper-gold-silver mine in Mongolia, originally scheduled for early 2020.
Rio Tinto-controlled Vancouver miner Turquoise Hill (TSX:TRQ) (NYSE:TRQ) owns 66% of the project, and the Mongolian government owns the balance.
Delivering third-quarter results, the miner said that while capital costs for the project remained in line with the overall budget, shaft-sinking challenges were “ultimately expected to result in a revised ramp-up schedule”.
Analyst at BMO Capital Markets said in a note to investors they expected Rio Tinto to achieve first sustainable production at the new section of Oyu Tolgoi not earlier than in the third quarter of 2021.
They also said the delay would hit the mine's free cash flow by about $1 billion between now and 2024, with about $340 million being attributable to Rio Tinto. The company holds a 66% stake in the mine through Turquoise Hill and the Mongolia’s government holds the remainder.
Turquoise Hill (TSE, NSYE: TRQ), the Rio-controlled company that owns 66 percent of the project, confirmed Tuesday that sustainable production at Oyu Tolgoi would be achieved by the end of the third quarter of 2021, rather than in early 2021. The company attributed the nine-month holdup to challenging ground conditions and delays in the completion of Shaft 2.
Until the completion of Shaft 2, Oyu Tolgoi would experience similar, but not increased, development rates as seen in the third quarter, Turquoise Hill said.
Rio has recently stepped up efforts to find new copper deposits worth of being developed into mines. The company’s board of directors approved the underground expansion of the massive Mongolian mine in the Gobi desert two years ago, but progress earlier this year was very slow due to a series of disagreements between Rio and the country’s government, including differences over taxes owed and a power contract.
In an effort to strengthen up ties with Asian country’s authorities, Rio announced in February the opening of the new office in Ulaanbaatar. Copper and diamond chief Arnaud Soirat told Mining.com in May that the team had also been given the task to conduct fresh exploration aimed at finding the “next Oyu Tolgoi.”
He noted that the company is currently Mongolia’s largest foreign investor, having ploughed so far more than $7 billion into the first phase of its Oyu Tolgoi mine. Soirat said the company will continue to invest over $5 billion in the country, tied to the underground expansion of the giant project, at a rate of $1 billion per year.
Oyu Tolgoi was discovered in 2001 and Rio gained control of it in 2012. Once finished, the extension is expected to lift the mine’s production from 125–150kt this year to 560kt of copper concentrate at full tilt from 2025, making it the biggest new copper mine to come on stream in several years.